Web development is divided into two parts – 1). Frontend Development and 2). Backend Development.
Front-end development deals with designing and coding what you see on the internet. This part of website development has to do with the appearance and usability of the website and how it looks. CSS and HTML are the two parts of front end development.
Back-end development deals with both server side and client side scripting, which is used to create dynamic web pages. This part of website development takes care of things like managing content, allowing users to upload files or photos, etc.
We will look at the best programming languages for backend web development in this article. So let’s begin.
Top Programming Languages for Backend Web Development
2. PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor)
PHP is a popular web programming language that is the backbone of many Internet sites, including Wikipedia and Facebook. PHP is also one of the most widely used languages in general. (Wikipedia’s list is actually based on multiple sources .)
As the name implies, PHP started out as a web programming language. And it has been that way for years. However, there are few signs that this is about to change: in recent months several prominent PHP developers and project managers have voiced their opinion in favor of expanding PHP’s capabilities.
The latest version of PHP includes new features like scalar type hints, return typeshints, and parameter type hints to help developers write better code.
Additionally, it’s now possible to use object-oriented programming techniques with classes and interfaces in order to make code more reusable and easier to maintain. This means you can build websites faster than ever before!
Some of the PHP Frameworks that are used for Backend Web Development are Laravel and CodeIgniter.
The most popular websites that are using PHP are WordPress and Flickr.
3. Python Language
Python is a multi-purpose programming language that was created by Guido van Rossum and first released in 1991.
It is often used as a scripting language or as a web development language for backend development.
It, like the other object-oriented languages, allows for data abstraction and high-level constructs like Python modules and packages. This makes it very popular for use in Rapid Application Development.
Python is an easy-to-learn programming language that can help you get started with web development in no time at all.
It has been used by companies like Google and NASA for decades because it’s so powerful and flexible. You’ll learn how to code faster than ever before, without sacrificing quality or performance!
The most popular Python Frameworks for Backend Web Development are Django and Flask.
Some of the most popular websites that are using Python are Spotify and Pinterest.
Ruby is a programming language that runs on the Ruby Interpreter. It has fewer requirements for installing software than most languages, which makes it more user-friendly for beginners.
Many popular and well-known websites run on Ruby, such as Hulu, Shopify and Twitter. The Ruby Interpreter was created by Yukihiro Matsumoto (commonly known as “Matz”) in 1995.
It is open source software that can be used for any purpose at no charge.
Ruby can also be used for backend web development with frameworks such as Sinatra, Grape, and Prawn.
Java is a general-purpose computer programming language that was initially developed by Sun Microsystems and released in 1995.
It is one of the most popular languages in the world, second only to English, with over 20 million developers.
The language derives much of its syntax from C and C++ but also has a unique object orientation system and a Java virtual machine architecture.
As an object-oriented programming language designed for system level programming on multiple architectures with portability as its “main attraction” the suitability of Java for backend web development is obvious with it being one of the most popular choice among developers.
6. C# (C Sharp)
C# is a general-purpose, object-oriented, multi-paradigm, and compiled programming language.
It was designed with the intent of being easy to learn and use for both students and experienced programmers alike.
The language derives much of its syntax from C++, but it has diverged to include some concepts from other languages such as Java and Object Pascal. It is one of the most widely used programming languages in world.
C# can be used for backend web development and provides a wide range of features, such as:
- Simple syntax and straightforward programming model.
- Object orientation supporting classes with methods and properties .
- Exception handling.
- Garbage collection for memory management.
C# is a popular programming language for making backend web development projects. Some of the best-known websites that use C# are GoDaddy and Stack Overflow to name just two!
7. Go Programming Language (Golang)
The Go programming language is a relatively new open source, cross-platform, statically typed programming language that is developed to help programmers write simple and reliable code.
It’s the language used by Google for building large scale, distributed systems and it also powers Google’s all-new web browser – Chrome. Go was created at Google in 2007 by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike and Ken Thompson (the creator of Unix).
The open source implementation of the language is developed by the Go team at Google and contributors from other companies and the open source community.
Yes, if you’re thinking of web development, then Go is the right language for you. This is because Go can be used as a scripting language and it’s compatible with most databases such as SQL and NoSQL.
It also has a rich set of packages that are well documented. The other thing is that it has native support for unit testing which means that you get fast feedback on how well your code is working.
So these are some of the best programming languages that can be used for backend web development projects.
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